Music: How Songs Can Heal
They’re singing from on rooftops and balconies in Europe. Rock stars are giving free online concerts in place of canceled events. People are serenading one another, singing along to favorite songs and dancing like no one is watching. That’s the power of music, and we need more it than ever in these stressful times.
You’ve probably felt the therapeutic effect of music since your own lullaby days. There are tunes that lift your spirit when you need it. Songs that take you back to a favorite time, and lyrics that touch your heart. Maybe you’re listening more these days, due to global uncertainty and social isolation. Music retains its beauty, untouched by coronavirus, and has a natural power to keep you calm, in the moment and joyful. Sing on!
Music as Healer
Consider all the areas of your life that involve music: Maybe you wake up to the sounds of the radio, or listen on your daily walk. Perhaps you clean the house with your headphones on, or play the piano every night. You might prefer a specific genre or tempo, or the style of a certain artist. At its most basic level, music can make everything you do more pleasurable. And it goes deeper than that: Music can motivate and inspire, encouraging you to relax, let go and feel happier.
So, it’s not really surprising that music is used as a therapeutic tool in a range of settings. In fact, it’s the most common form of sound therapy – which include the use of chants and mantras, vibrations, even running water – used to help reduce stress, ease symptoms of depression and anxiety, and support those dealing with serious conditions and diseases. A music therapist engages clients with guided activities that combine creating/composing, listening, moving and responding to music with the goal of helping them make positive changes to improve their overall well-being.
Some music can have a relaxing effect, slowing your heart rate and coaxing the rest of your body to respond similarly. With this in mind, a music therapist might sing soothing songs to help comfort someone who’s afraid or stressed. A tune with a steady beat might encourage calm, rhythmic breathing in somebody struggling with anxiety. The therapist might help someone play an instrument to direct attention away from pain; hearing the music and interacting with the instrument itself may both divert the mind and help release muscle tension, for example.
What a session looks like all depends on the desired outcome. Regardless of the music or instruments used, the brain normally has a certain type of response. Unlike interpreting language, which only engages certain neural pathways, processing all of the elements of music—rhythm, tone, melody—requires you to use your whole brain, which builds stronger and healthier neural connections throughout.
The most evident benefit of this is how it can affect mood. “Having the whole brain engaged is a meditative practice,” says Sharon Alpert, M.A., L.I.C.S.W., a life management therapist at Canyon Ranch Lenox. “Music can open you up and take you to different places, and you can use that awareness to feel more in control of your emotional state. Your mood can shift as you find a connection to what you’re hearing – something beyond yourself.”
You can use music as an “in the moment” tool to take care of yourself, particularly at times that are challenging. For example, “if you are feeling low on energy, upbeat music can help you pick up the pace with an invitation that is welcoming and within reach,” says Alpert. “There’s no work required. Simply listen and be.”
People who struggle to express themselves with words, as well as those with developmental disabilities, brain injuries and autism, might further benefit from music therapy because of its potential to engage the brain in such a way that it improves verbal, social, emotional and even motor functioning. Music also activates your limbic system, a set of structures in the brain that houses emotions and memory formation. For this reason in particular, music therapy can be a helpful practice for those with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Listening to familiar songs from the past, especially from early adult years, can bring back memories that might otherwise seem locked away for good.
Additionally, music therapy is often used with cancer patients in an effort to reduce pain and nausea and manage emotional hurdles. Because engaging with music is such a familiar and often sensory experience, it can promote feelings of comfort and safety while coping with a difficult treatment like chemotherapy.
You may benefit from a group setting or prefer a one-on-one appointment with the therapist; neither of which require prior musical study or talent. Or, enjoying a musical practice on your own—whether that means playing an instrument or listening/dancing to music – can contribute to joy and healing. Therapists may be brought in to visit with people in hospitals, schools, nursing homes and other facilities, but you can find one on your own through the American Music Therapy Association.